The right to copy an article or part of an article for educational use within the authorís employing institution is very important in teaching at all levels from school through to higher education, and - provided that its use does not result in the loss of sales of textbooks or journals - will not necessarily damage the publisher's interests. The right to make copies for internal use is often required of academic staff as part of a university's copyright policy. An author may be required to add the citation information and the publisher's copyright notice to all copies made under this provision.
Normally classroom use is without charge but sometimes publishers charge a fee when multiple copies are made.
There are not many existing provisions specific to distance learning and teaching and/or e-learning environments but some general provisions that cover this use are given.